Average lifespan in the wild: 3 to 5 years
Size: Up to 33 in (84 cm)
Weight: 5 to 15 lbs (2.3 to 7 kg)
Group name: Bind or a run
What does a salmon look like?
The sockeye, also called red or blueback salmon, is among the smaller of the seven Pacific salmon species, but their succulent, bright-orange meat is prized above all others. They range in size from 24 to 33 inches (60 to 84 centimeters) in length and weigh between 5 and 15 pounds (2.3 to 7 kilograms).
Where do salmons live?
Most Pacific salmon are anadromous: they are born in fresh water, spend their adult lives in the saltwater oceans and return to their natal rivers, or lakes, to spawn. They are also semelparous, meaning they die after they spawn. Atlantic salmon, Salmo salar, are anadromous but may spawn more than once.
What does a salmon eat?
A salmon's diet depends on the species and region, but typically juvenile salmon eat zooplankton, and larval and adult invertebrates. In the ocean, salmon eat smaller fish, such as herring, pelagic amphipods and krill.
What are the natural enemies of the salmon?
There are diverse predators of salmon at the varying stages of their lives. Other fishes, members of their own species, snakes and birds eat salmon fry. Once in the ocean, salmon are prey to whales, dolphins, seals, sea lions, other fishes and, of course, humans. Bears and birds often scoop up spawning salmon.
Download free Salmon wallpapers, click on the image to open the large version.
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Salmon Coloring pages
Print free Salmon coloring pages, click on the image to open the large version.