Scientific Name: Pan troglodytes
Average lifespan in the wild: 45 years
Size: 4 to 5.5 ft (1.2 to 1.7 m)
Weight: 70 to 130 lbs (32 to 60 kg)
Group name: Community
Protection status: Endangered
What does a chimpanzee look like?
Noisy and curious, intelligent and social, the chimpanzee is the mammal most like a human. Chimpanzees fascinate humans and are favorites both in zoos and the wild. The chimpanzee has a thickset body with long arms, short legs and no tail. Much of the body is covered with long black hair, but the face, ears, fingers and toes are bare. They have hands that can grip firmly, allowing them to pick up objects. The discovery that they used "tools" for certain purposes surprised the world.
Where do chimpanzees live?
Chimps are mainly found in rain forests and wet savannas. While they spend equal time on land and in trees, they do most of their feeding and sleeping in trees.
What does a chimpanzee eat?
Chimps begin their activities at dawn. After descending from their night nests they hungrily feed on fruits, their principal diet, and on leaves, buds and blossoms. After a while their feeding becomes more selective, and they will choose only the ripest fruit. They usually pick fruit with their hands, but theyeat berries and seeds directly off the stem with their lips. Their diet consists of up to 80 different plant foods. Chimps are generally fruit and plant eaters, but they also consume insects, eggs, and meat, including carrion. They have a tremendously varied diet that includes hundreds of known foods.
What sounds does a chimpanzee make?
Chimps are incredibly vocal and use a complicated system of sounds to communicate with each other. They hoot, scream, grunt and drum on hollow trees with the flat of their hands, sometimes for hours.
Do chimpanzees use tools?
The discovery that chimpanzees used "tools" surprised the world. Their use of sticks to collect ants and termites from their nests and rocks to smash open nuts gave scientists proof that not only humans use cognitive thinking to problem-solve. Chimpanzees can even be taught to use some basic human sign language.
Did You Know?
Chimpanzees use large sticks and branches as clubs or throw them at enemies like leopards and humans.
Chimps supplement their diets with meat, such as young antelopes or goats. Their most frequent victims, however, are other primates such as young baboons, colobus monkeys and blue monkeys.
Chimps are very affectionate and touch each other often. They kiss when they meet as well as hold hands and groom each other.
Chimpanzee mothers typically spend about five years nursing and caring for their infant before giving birth again.
Chimps have specific calls to signify food and danger, and each chimp has a distinctive hoot that distinguishes it from the others.
Chimps also use non-verbal signals to communicate, such as facial expressions and body posturing — much like humans.
Download free Chimpanzee wallpapers, click on the image to open the large version.
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Chimpanzee Coloring pages
Print free Chimpanzee coloring pages, click on the image to open the large version.