Scientific Name: Gazella granti
Average lifespan in the wild: 10 to 12 Years
Size: 30 to 36 inches at the shoulder
Weight: 100 to 145 pounds (12 to 75 kg)
Habitat: Open grass plains
Group name: Herd
A gazelle is an antelope of the genus Gazella. Gazelles are known as swift animals; they are able to reach high speeds for long periods of time. Currently, the genus Gazella is widely settled as containing 15 twelve valid species.
Where do Gazelles live?
There are 14 species of gazelle across North Africa and Southwest Asia, including Grant's gazelle, Thomson's gazelle and Dorcas gazelle. These animals spend most of their day grazing on shrubs and grasses. Grant's gazelles are especially fond of open grass plains, and although they frequent bushy savannas, they avoid areas of high grass.
What does a Gazelle look like?
Grant's gazelles resemble Thomson's gazelles, but are noticeably larger and easily distinguished by the broad white patch on the rump that extends upward onto the back. The white patch on the Thomson's gazelle stops at the tail. Some varieties of Grant's have a black stripe on each side of the body like the Thomson's; in others the stripe is very light or absent. A black stripe runs down the thigh. Grant’s gazelle’s lyre-shaped horns are stout at the base, clearly ringed and measuring 18 to 32 inches long. On the females black skin surrounds the teats, with white hair on the udder. This probably helps the young recognize the source of milk. On the females black skin surrounds the teats, with white hair on the udder. This probably helps the young recognize the source of milk. When a fawn is older and moving about with its mother, the dark stripe on the white background may serve as a beacon for it to follow.
What does a Gazelle eat?
The gazelles vary their diet according to season. They eat herbs, foliage from shrubs, short grasses and shoots. Grant's gazelles obtain the moisture they need from their food and have unusually large salivary glands, possibly an adaptation for secreting fluid to cope with a relatively dry diet. They typically remain in the open during the heat of the day, suggesting they possess an efficient system to retain the necessary fluid in their bodies.
Why do Gazelles jump?
Characterized by their long slender legs, gazelles are medium-sized antelope. They are swift runners and jumpers, and when nervous or excited, will exhibit a behavior called pronking, a method of locomotion where the animal jumps vertically into the air with an arched back and lands on all four rigidly straight legs. Why gazelles do this is not clear. Some theories suggest that by making themselves more noticeable, they are signaling to predators that they are aware of the danger, or they may be showing off their fitness and strength to intimidate animals on the prowl for a meal.
Do Gazelles have horns?
Long, ringed horns sit on top of the heads of both sexes in many species, but female horns tend to be shorter. Fur color is usually countershaded, meaning the top part of the body is light brown and the belly is white
Did you know these facts about the Gazelle?
Speke's gazelles have three to five folds of skin around their nose. It can be inflated to create a warning sound resembling a honking noise.
Gazelles are among the fastest animals on the planet, able to run at speeds of 50 mph for long periods of time.
The only relatively long-lasting relationship in gazelle society is that of a mother and her most recent offspring.
Grant's are gregarious and form the usual social groupings of small herds of females with their offspring, territorial males and all-male bachelor groups. Membership in these groups is temporary.
Download free Gazelle wallpapers, click on the image to open the large version.
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Gazelle Coloring pages
Print free Gazelle coloring pages, click on the image to open the large version.