Latin name: suborder Caelifera
Average lifespan: 1-3 years
Size: The biggest ones are about 4.5 inches (11.5 cm) long.
Weight: a typical grasshopper weighing 2-3 gram
Group name: Swarm
Grasshopper is a common name for the winged insects that have large hind legs, which are greatly adapted for jumping. Grasshoppers are found in a large variety of habitats. The largest numbers of grasshoppers can be found in lowland tropical forests and grasslands. Grasshoppers have a range of various colors, from green , olive to brown. They may have red or yellow markings. Grasshoppers are 3 to 13 centimeters long when fully grown.
What does a Grasshopper look like?
The body of a grasshopper has three main parts, the head, thorax and the abdomen. There are two kinds of grasshoppers, short-horned grasshoppers which have short antennae and long-horned grasshoppers which have long antenna. They have a hard shell, which is called an exoskeleton that covers the whole body. And a total of 6 legs. Grasshoppers have chewing mouthparts, long hind legs for jumping, two pairs of wings. They have two antennae that grow from the grasshoppers head. Grasshoppers have 5 eyes, they can see the front, side and even the back. Grasshoppers usually have colors that help them blend into their environment. There are over 10,000 species of grasshoppers known.
Where does the Grasshopper live?
Grasshoppers can be found everywhere in the world except Antarctica. Grasshoppers live in all types of different terrain around the world. They are around in the summer and spring. Most grasshoppers like the open dry habitats with lots of low plants and grasses in which they can hide and blend in. Grasshoppers live in meadows, fields, rain forest, mountains, and desserts. Some grasshopper species live in forests and jungles. The greatest numbers of grasshoppers occur in lowland tropical forests and grasslands.
What does a Grasshopper eat?
Grasshoppers are herbivores, they eat plants. They especially love oats, corn, cotton, rye, barley, wheat, alfalfa, and clover. This is why they can be a pest to farmers when they eat their crops. Most grasshoppers eat plants, but some long-horned grasshoppers are known to eat dead animals or even other insects. The grasshoppers mostly eat leaves, stems, seeds and flowers.
What are the grasshoppers enemies?
The enemies of the grasshoppers include birds, rodents, mantids, rodents, reptiles, beetles and spiders. Flies are known to eat the grasshopper eggs. Grasshoppers try to protect themselves with camouflage or by jumping far or flying away. They sometimes even bite their enemies with their strong little jaws.
Did you know about these Grasshopper facts?
One swarm in 1988 covered an area of 75 x 15 miles, contained (about) 150 billion locusts and was estimated to be eating 300,000 tons fresh green food per day.
A more attractive feature of some grasshoppers is their ability to sing. It's the males that sing, and they do it to attract female mates, or to warn off other males.
There are thought to be between 11,000 and 18,000 different species of grasshoppers.
One of the strangest grasshopper facts is that they do not have a nose with which to breathe. Instead, they have holes all along the sides of their bodies for breathing.
Grasshoppers are unique among insects in that they sing. While their song sounds kind of like a chirp, different species make the noise in different ways.
A large grasshoppers can jump a distance of about 20 times the length of its body.
Download free Grasshopper wallpapers, click on the image to open the large version.
Grasshopper wallpaper 2
Grasshopper wallpaper 3
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Grasshopper wallpaper 5
Grasshopper Coloring pages
Print free Grasshopper coloring pages, click on the image to open the large version.