Size: Height at the shoulders, 30 to 69 in (76 to 175 cm)
Weight: 120 to 2,200 lbs (54 to 998 kg)
Horses come in all shapes, colors and sizes. The equidae family describes your typical barnyard horse, but also includes asses, onagers and zebras. There is only one species of domestic horse, but around 400 different breeds that specialize in everything from pulling wagons to racing. All horses are grazers.
What does a horse look like?
According to Animal, in a list compiled by the Smithsonian Institution, what makes a horse a horse is its "deep chest, a mane on the neck, tufted or long-haired, tail, a solid hoof on each foot, thickened skin (called chestnuts) on the inside of the front legs above the knee, and mobile lips and nostrils." Horses also possess great endurance and speed. The fastest equidae is the onager, an Asian wild ass that can clock speeds in excess of 40 mph.
Where do horses live?
You might see horses normally living in stables. Some horses live in Alaska all the way though. Horses mostly live in pastures. A Pasture is a huge land covered with fresh green grass and nothing else, cows and horses go there more often. Horses live in fields and stables, but wild horses live in anywhere.
What does a horse eat?
Horses are vegetarian. They get most of their nutrients from grasses and their teeth are specially designed for grazing. A 1,000-pound horse typically will ingest between 15 and 25 pounds of food per day. The horse's digestive track is equipped to handle this large amount of roughage. Its stomach is small, but the intestines are very long, allowing the constant stream of nutrients to be easily digested.
What is the difference between wild horses and feral horses?
There's a difference between true wild horses and feral horses. True wild horses, like the Przewalski's horse, were never domesticated; feral horses, like mustangs, are descended from domestic stock.
Did you know this about horses?
Feral horses are known by different names across the world. In the American West, they're called mustangs; in Australia, they're known as brumbies; in Spain, they're called Sorraia.
Horses were once indigenous to North America. They died out at the end of the last Ice Age. It's unclear why, but it's possible they were hunted to extinction by newly-arrived humans.
Horses can sleep standing up or lying down; they sleep about 2½ hours a day in 15 minute increments. Horses must lie down to reach REM sleep every few days.
Where once wild horses galloped across open plains, they are endangered today due to habitat loss.
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Horse Coloring pages
Print free Horse coloring pages, click on the image to open the large version.