Scientific Name: Rangifer Tarandus
Size: 1.6-2.1m (63-82in)
Weight: 60-320kg (132-705lbs)
Top Speed: 80km/h (50mph)
Life Span: 12-15 years
What does a reindeer look like?
The reindeers coat has two layers of fur, a thick woolly undercoat and a longer-haired overcoat which consists of hollow, air-filled hairs which helps to keep the reindeer warm. The reindeers hooves adapt to the season so in the summer when the tundra is soft and wet, the reindeers footpads become sponge-like in order to get a bigger surface area on the damp group. In the winter, the reindeers footpads shrink and tighten, exposing the rim of the hoof which cuts into the ice and crusted snow to stop the reindeer from slipping.
Where do reindeer live?
The reindeer (also known as the caribou) is found in large herds in the very north of the world. Reindeer inhabit both the Arctic Tundra and the North Pole regions which include parts of North America, Europe and Asia.
What does a reindeer eat?
The changes to the reindeer hooves during the winter enables the reindeer to dig down through the snow to the reindeers favourite food, a lichen known as reindeer moss.
What are the natural enemies of the reindeer?
The reindeer is often an attempted target for the large predators that exist in the Arctic Circle but the reindeer is very fast and moves in enormous groups so the reindeer is not easy to catch. Arctic wolves, polar bears, brown bears, humans and the occasional shark are amongst those animals that hunt the reindeer.
Download free Reindeer wallpapers, click on the image to open the large version.
Reindeer wallpaper 1
Reindeer wallpaper 2
Reindeer wallpaper 3
Reindeer wallpaper 4
Reindeer wallpaper 5
Reindeer Coloring pages
Print free Reindeer coloring pages, click on the image to open the large version.