Scientific Name: Caudata
Size: 2-180cm (0.8-71in)
Weight: 0.1-65kg (0.2-143lbs)
Top Speed: 42km/h (30mph)
Life Span: 5-20 years
Salamanders are amphibians, although they may look lizard-like in appearance. Salamander species vary in size from under 3cm to about 180cm in length. No matter what their size, they need to stick to moist or wet environments, or they will dehydrate.
What does a Salamander look like?
A salamander is an amphibian that has four legs, a long and slender body and a long tail. Despite their lizard-like appearance, salamanders are most closely related to the smaller amphibious lizard, the newt.
Salamanders come in a variety of colors and patterns, with bright colors usually a warning to predators that this menu item contains a lethal poison.
They have slender bodies, usually four legs of similar size, a small head, small eyes and a tail. In some species the tail detaches when attacked. The tail will continue to twitch, distracting the predator as the rest of the salamander makes its escape.
Where do Salamanders live?
Salamanders are found all over the world generally in more temperate climates. All species of salamander are aquatic or semi-aquatic due to their amphibious nature and permeable skin. The moist skin of the salamander means that the salamander inhabits aquatic regions or wetlands. Some species of salamander make their home in water, while others are mainly terrestrial. Those that make their home in water take in oxygen through large external gills.
What does a Salamander eat?
All salamanders are carnivores. Terrestrial and semi-aquatic salamanders can eat crickets, flies, cockroaches, slugs, locusts, pill bugs, aphids, moths, millipedes and beetles.
What is special about the salamander?
In a similar way to newts and lizards, the salamander is remarkably able to regenerate and regrow lost limbs and sometimes other body parts too. This gives the salamander an advantage when being hunted by predators as the salamander is able to drop body parts and escape.
Did you know this about salamanders?
The name "salamander" is derived from Greek for "fire lizard," as they were once believed to be able to walk through fire.
The Chinese giant salamander is the largest living amphibian. It can reach 6 feet in length and weigh up to 66 pounds.
When hunting, the salamander shoots its sticky tongue out of its mouth at prey along with the bone that its anchored to: the hyoid bone.
Download free Salamander wallpapers, click on the image to open the large version.
Salamander wallpaper 1
Salamander wallpaper 2
Salamander wallpaper 3
Salamander Coloring pages
Print free Salamander coloring pages, click on the image to open the large version.